Places of interest, curiosities

Szalajka valley

The Szalajka-valley connecting to Szilvásvárad is the most beautifull high-hill like valley of the country.

It is worth walking up to its enterance from the center of Szilvásávrad. Here can be found the forest railway, and the bike renter for those, who decided not to take the walking tour. On the way of the walk, a real treasure chest of the nature can be found, the road is filled with spectacle sights. The path is followed by the stream Szalajka, and here can be seen the the Trout ponds, the Wild Animal display, the Rockspring, the Open-air Forest Museum, the Forestry Museum, the Guardian of the Carpathians, the Gloriett glade, the Veil-waterfall, and the Prehistoric man's Cave at Istálloskő.

Trout ponds

The Szalajka stream in the valley was swelled at several places, and so the Szikla and Szalajka spring provides water with the appropriate temperature for trout breeding. Next to the path we can find several ponds, in wich trouts with different ages are raised. The species bred here are the rapid and the rainbow trouts. The grilling of the nutritional full, easily digested trouts, full with protein and vitamin A, is the favourite programme of the visitors.

Wild Animal display

In the wild animal display we can gaze at the specific great beasts ot the Bükk-mountain. Mainly deers, stags, moufflons can be seen.

Rockspring

The Rockspring is a valuable sight of the Bükk-mountain. The water that gush forth here, is the main feeder of the Szalajka spring.

It doesn't freeze in winter, it evaporates typically. It was use to be called Salt-spring.

Open-air Forest Museum

It commemorates a worthy memorial to the people working between hard circmstances in the forest. It was set up, with a wide concenrtation of social forces, for the the proposal of the Mátrai Forest-and Wood-processor Economy, between 1971-74.

The Museum, takes place in Horotna-valley, that branches from the Szalajka-valley, in it, the exact lodgeing and tools of the forest workers are shown in genuine state, and the old working processes are exhibited.

The exibition is groupped by the following themes:

  • the woodsmen's lodgeings, tools, the tools of carrying the logs
  • lime-burning
  • charcoal-burning
  • traditional forest productions (wood-shingle, resin-producton, bark-production)
  • the primitive tools of wood-processing (saw, and mill-saw with water force)
  • the souvenirs of the starting industrialisation ( iron-foundry, potash-boiling, glass-works)
  • fossilized,charred tree trunks, and segment shoving annual-rings
  • the Horotna-valley forest-track- that exeeds the 700 m lenght- represents the forest's life, and products, forest birds, mushrooms, tree types ect.

Szalajka-valley Forest Museum

As an improvement of the Open-air Forest Museum- as a result of the work of Aladár Zilahi forest-egeneer - in 1985-, the Szalajka-valley Forest Museum, opened in the King-kind house.

It was built in the beginig of the 19'th century as the office of iron-mining businesses lead by Henrik Fazola. Later it became a forest-overseer office and lodgeing. After the overseer moved to the village, the house was left empty, and started to broke down. With the help of the Mátrai EFAG, the Economical Museum, an social societies, the renovation of the building, and the setup of the Museum started, in the end of the 70's. At the base, the exact office of a forest-overseer, with old maps or reproductions of them, concearning the sylviculture, equipments, documents ect, and forest relics sent by European countries takes place. On the walls of the staircase, 18'th century german graphics of hunting sceenes are placed. The equipments of forestry management, the tools of map making, and as a presentation of the work's end, the Gyöngyös city's forest's schedule from 1988, got place in the containers of the storey. The seed and spling growing, the forest renovation- planting and growing and the forest protection got a seprate container. Between the containers, colorfull graphics and photos fill out the space. In a smaller room, the saws used in sylviculture got place, starting from the blades of saw-mills, to the 4 person very long saw. The old lathe made of wood is a real rareity. The corridors of the storey is filled with souvenirs of hunting, trophys, graphics, weapons, of which the most preacous one is a bard from the Árpád-age. The enterance of the room opening from here, is decorated with a huge diorama showing the big-beasts of the territory. In that room is the place for the souvenirs of the wood utilization from the exploitation to the wood-usage. The few remaining pieces of the first train of Szalajka-railway, is also presented here. The office of the Museum, is a spectacle in itself, because here can bee seen all the forestry books, and museal valued wood-technical books, news papers, forestry scripts, that the leader of the museum, Aladár Zilahi collected.

In its complexity, the Forestry Museum is the most interesting and valuable sight of Szilvásvárad, that next to the spectacles, augments the knowledge of the visitors.

The Guardian of the Carpathians

In the time of the Conquest, Árpád leader had set up an alert militarial protecting system. He had sent guarding soldiers through the mountain pass of the Carpatheans night and day. In those decicive times, he protected the Hungarians in the Carpathean-basin with this. Untill this protection functioned, our ancients were protected from attacks, thanks to the Guardians of the Carpatheans.

Preserving their memories a monument of Károly Szeszák, the "Guardian of the Carpetheans" was set up in 1915 in Kolozsvár, but it was destroyed in 1918 along with several Hungarian relics.

The Hungarian minority with the leading of Bishop László Tőkés wanted to restore the monument, after the change in the Romanian system. Because of political reasons this didn't happen. This is how the work of János Béres sculptor and József Vásárhegyi Tóth architect was set up and initiated on the 17'th November 2002, in Szalajka-valley

Gloriett glade

The Gloriett glade is a pleasant resting place spreading at the feet of the Veil-waterfall. The terminal of the small railway can be found here.

An ideal place for picnic, playing and sports.

Veil waterfall

The Veil-waterfall is the Bükk National Park's and our country's one of the most beautifull and prominent natural formation. Here lines our country's evenest spring-limestone dams. The precipitation falling in the territory of the Szalajka-spring's cathment basin, leak throught the soil into the limestone, where with its carbon-acid content it dissolves a part of it, and carries it towards the spring. After it reaches the surface, the secession of the solute limestone from the water, starts. The secession is fastened by the mosses and algaes, because they widen the surface on which the water runs, thus the volatilization of the carbon-dioxid, and the limestone secssion is faster. The solute limestone covers the obstacles (limbs, trunks) like a veil, and formes new stairs and terraces.

Prehistoric man's Cave at Istálloskő

A path leads up to the Istállóskő cave from the Szalajka-spring. One should take care on the slippery mountain path. The exploration of the cave was started in 1911 by Pál Raskó, forest warrant officer from Répáshuta. Since that, there have been several excavations. The most intresting was a revel of an 80 kg ancient fireplace. The fireplace was moved to the National Museum. Between the 30-40 thousand years old fossils, there were tundra-deer, buffalo-mamut bones and fangs, stone and bone equipments too.

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